Achieving outcome 2
To achieve the targets under outcome 2, PAGE supports countries and provinces with sectoral and thematic diagnostics, assessments, and policy analysis, and with advisory support integrated into the design and advancement of sectoral and thematic policies, strategies and plans.
The mobilization of partners to support IGE transformation, including donors, international organizations, civil society, academic and research institutions, and the private sector, has been another key area of support.
To summarize the progress of the achievements of outcome 2 so far by end of 2016:
- 11 policies in total were adopted or are in the process of being adopted (6 adopted, 5 in adoption process in 2016) that support IGE priorities in PAGE countries.
- 19 reports (8 additional reports in 2016) completed, providing sectoral or thematic IGE diagnostics, assessments, and policy analysis.
- 29 consultations (8 additional consultations in 2016) were held to share results of sectoral policy analysis.
- 9 partners (1 additional partner in 2016) formally agreed to co-financing, complementary follow-up programming, pledges, PPPs etc.
In-country activities in the following countries support the achieving of PAGE outcome 1:
PAGE has supported partner ministries in advancing policy development and reform in specific sectors and thematic areas identified by the Government of Mongolia including green construction (with a focus on schools), sustainable public procurement, waste management, and green sustainable finance.
The support has been provided in the form of policy and market assessments, high level stakeholder engagement, garnering partnership support including the establishment of co-funding with key partners.
The sectoral reform process was further advanced where PAGE supported implementation of sectoral policies. Priority sectors targeted for this reform included green industry development, sustainable trade and green jobs.
PAGE support has been provided in the form of policy and market assessments, high level stakeholder engagements, consultations and dialogues, garnering partnership support including the establishment of co-funding with key partners.
In support of sectoral and thematic reforms, a national strategy for green jobs, produced in 2015, has been used to pave the way towards implementation in 2016 and a feasibility study for the establishment of a pilot green economy incubator was completed, which will be used to stimulate green entrepreneurship and private sector development and green jobs.
PAGE has also been supporting the development of technical norms and standards on sustainable construction materials and energy efficiency and national waste management programme (PNGD) and the energy efficiency project (Typha). A review of tax measures to promote IGE is under preparation.
Two priority areas for the national government’s Plan Senegal Emergent – waste management and recycling define the focus of PAGE support for 2016.
A green industry and trade assessment (GITA), which was completed in 2015, identified and assessed sectors that offer opportunities for green industry and green trade, including manufacturing supply chains for wood products, essential oils and cosmetics, and machinery.
A key recommendation is the development of a resource efficient green industry initiative specifically targeted at decoupling resource use from industrial output. This study served at the same time as pilot case for the development of a standardised green industry and trade assessment methodology.
To support sectoral and thematic reforms, PAGE supported Mauritius on the execution of a public environment expenditure review (PEER), an industrial waste assessment (IWA) and a fiscal policy study (with earlier support from a UN Environment project).
The PEER evaluated how environmental expenditures are integrated into the national medium term expenditure framework and sector budgetary process. It makes recommendations towards a more efficient approach to planning and budgetary processes, a sustainable environmental policy framework and related legislation necessary for the transition to a green economy.
The aim of the IWA is to stimulate industrial symbiosis through the establishment of recycling activities and a circular economy.
The fiscal study identifies options to reform fiscal policies in the energy, transport, waste and water sectors to revise fiscal instruments to better reflect environmental impacts, induce behaviour change and create additional fiscal space for green investments.
In support of sector and thematic reforms in Burkina Faso, PAGE supported the execution of a fiscal study along with proposals for environmental taxation. These include accessible and realistic instruments in key economic sectors of mining, transport, energy, agriculture, and waste industries to help Burkina Faso’s green economy transition and can provide added revenue to the government.
The findings of this study can be used for inputs to the ongoing PAGE support to integrate IGE into the National Programme for Economic and Social Development and its implementation.
A Green Economy Indicators workshop was organized by PAGE partner institution, the Nanjing University, to start discussions on the application of measurement framework for green economy progress in Jiangsu province of China.
A network of national level partners was also established in China, including the Academy of Macroeconomic Research, the National Development and Reform Commission, the China-ASEAN Environmental Cooperation Centre, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Tongji University and Beijing Normal University.
In support of sectoral and thematic reforms, PAGE has supported the implementation of the South Africa Green Industry and Trade Assessment (SA-GEITA) which started with the appointment of a national service provider, Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies.
Preparations for the support to the development of a strategy for localised manufacturing for wind energy; and enhanced implementation of water fiscal reform policies have also started.
The government of Mato Grosso is committed to pursuing a green economy in order to increase production, prevent deforestation and preserve natural resources, and to reduce to current deficit of decent work. The government team, led by the Secretary of Labour and the Governor’s Cabinet, convened a one day workshop where a series of priority areas for PAGE support, such as family agriculture and urban planning amongst others, were outlined.
An inter-ministerial coordination mechanism, chaired by the Ministry of Economy, has already been established for the promotion of sustainable development initiatives, and will champion the cause of IGE across national development efforts. An inception mission to Kyrgyz Republic was planned for February 2017.
The mission included a roundtable with participants from the Ministry of Economics, Finance, Agriculture and Education, as well as from the National Institute of Strategy Studies and the private sector. PAGE was working collaboratively with PEI to plan the inception mission and to explore opportunities for synergies.
The government of Barbados has identified the following sectoral and thematic areas for PAGE support during 2017 1) development of a policy framework for greening the manufacturing sector to mainstream resource efficiency and promote eco-innovation and 2) execution of a green and decent jobs assessment and establishment of a green skills development support programme.