Country Overview

Mongolia currently faces huge economic, social and environmental issues with high public debts, a high employment rate, a large portion of the population living below the national poverty line and  increasing levels of air and water pollution as well as land degradation.  PAGE continues to support Mongolia in advancing its green development agenda to help address some of these issues, with a particular focus on specific and targeted sectors.

Progress in 2016

The new government of Mongolia, elected in July 2016, has prioritized environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive development. The Mongolian parliament also adopted the Sustainable development Vision 2030, which includes the commitment to reducing national greenhouse gas emissions by 14% by 2030.

There is a renewed commitment by the government and PAGE to achieve the objectives set out in the country's:

Mongolia is achieving this through:

Number 1

Evidence-based policy appraisal and economic modelling

Number 2

Sectoral policy support and reform in finance, construction, jobs, public procurement and education

Number 3

Sectoral policy support and reform in finance, construction, jobs, public procurement and education

Key challenge: Financing the green economy in Mongolia

In 2016, PAGE continued its work with the Ministry of Environment and Tourism and the Mongolian Bankers Association to establish a green credit fund. PAGE is working with the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) and UN Environment Finance Initiative to mobilize private finance.

A market study to assess the demand for green financing was completed in 2016. PAGE also supported the Mongolian Sustainable Finance Forum, where the findings of this study were presented.

Establishing a green credit working group

Analyzing market demand for green finance

Number 3

Securing commitment from key ministries, financial institutions and private sector stakeholders

These activities culminated in a National Forum held in November 2016 “Sustainable Development: From Planning to Implementation". The forum brought together stakeholders from the public and private sectors and industry groups to build upon existing green finance mechanisms. So that an enabling policy environment for green finance is created, PAGE is collaborating with UN Environment Inquiry to reform financial regulations.

The establishment of a Green Credit Fund and other innovative green financial products will provide leverage to enable businesses to introduce clean technology and production and create green jobs.

Ms. Bulgan Tumendemberel, Green Development Policy and Planning Ministry of Environment & Tourism, Mongolia

SDG logo

How green economy actions contribute to Sustainable Development Goals

Green schools design completed and construction is being scaled-up through external funding

SDG 4: Quality education

SDG 13: Climate Action

National Statistics Office recording data on green jobs

Results of green economy macro-economic assessment informing policymaking (see below)

SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

Sustainability is being integrated into public procurement laws, public buildings, including schools

Inclusive green economy concepts and approaches are being integrated into university education

SDG 4: Quality education

Key findings of macro-economic analysis

With a 4% of GDP investment per year into greening the economy:

Economic growth: 0.43 percentage points higher by 2030 compared to business-asusual conditions

Job creation: 3.3 percentage points higher than the business-as-usual scenario by 2030

Number 3

Emission intensity: 46.6% decrease compared to 7.2% increase under business-as-usual conditions by 2030

Greening schools

In 2016, the local firm NAP LLC, with guidance from UN Environment, completed the design for a green school building for a secondary school located in the district of Ulaanbaatar. The design work can be applied to over 220 schools that need to be built over the next 3-4 years in Mongolia (of which 85 need to be built in Ulaanbaatar).


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The green school building will have 640 student capacity covering 0.37 hectares on three floors. The design plan introduces many green technological solutions including energy, water, material selection and waste management.

A consulting firm, IT Power UK, was hired to assess energy and water efficiency of the green school building design, which has produced a report on energy modelling and energy efficiency to estimate the building loads. IT Power also developed a green school renewable energy and water management strategy for integrated renewable energy technologies such as solar photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind energy for the buildings.

These studies provide estimates for the potential energy savings for each of the proposed actions and a cost benefit analysis of the energy management opportunities. In developing the green school design PAGE has been closely working with Global Green Growth Institute which has been leading a workstream on green kindergarten buildings.

How does PAGE's work in Mongolia meet its objectives?

Outcome 1: National policmaking

PAGE has supported the development and implementation of cross-sectoral national plans and strategies that integrate IGE goals and targets. PAGE support was centred around stakeholder engagement for sustainability of these efforts and building partnerships for effective implementation of these plans and strategies.

Thanks to PAGE the government of Mongolia has adopted an Action Plan for implementation of its National Green Development Policy together with a measurement framework to monitor its progress against relevant targets. This Action Plan also includes a series of actions on green development indicators, green jobs, green economy learning, sustainable public procurement, green building, sustainable financing as well as waste management.

Mongolia has also adopted the Sustainable Development Vision 2030 as well as an Action Plan of the Government of Mongolia 2016-2020.

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

PAGE has supported partner ministries in advancing policy development and reform in specific sectors and thematic areas identified by the Government of Mongolia including green construction (with a focus on schools), sustainable public procurement, waste management, and green sustainable finance.

The support has been provided in the form of policy and market assessments, high level stakeholder engagement, garnering partnership support including the establishment of co-funding with key partners.

Outcome 3: Strengthening capacities

Targeted training events on green economy and SDGs, natural resource indicators, and green buildings are key elements contributing towards individual capacity building in Mongolia under the PAGE portfolio. To institutionalize green economy education and training, PAGE has initiated work with Mongolian universities to integrate green economy concepts and approaches in university curricula.

Outcome 4: Knowledge sharing

PAGE is supporting countries to improve their Inclusive Green Economy knowledge base by generating and sharing knowledge products such as manuals, reports, lessons learned and best practices with the aim to inform and support national policy analysis and formulation.

For knowledge sharing, PAGE organizes high level events, conferences, workshops involving current and future PAGE countries to build networks and global platforms to exchange experiences and information.