Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors and a stable political situation since its independence in 1968. Despite the country's stable economic growth, its environmental circumstances and climate change impacts place the country at great risk. PAGE is working with Mauritius to integrate green economy into their development strategies, including the Marshall Plan Against Poverty.
Progress in 2016
The Government of Mauritius is committed to addressing unemployment, alleviating poverty and accelerating progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. In particular, the Mauritian government has placed special focus on:
- inclusive growth and investment in the economy with emphasis on infrastructure development and
- promoting the “Blue Economy”
- enhancing human capital development to reduce high levels of unemployment
PAGE is working with Mauritius to integrate green economy into their long-term strategies, including the Second Economic Miracle and the Vision 2030.
PAGE’s work in Mauritius focuses on:
- Proving technical and financial support to integrate inclusive green economy principles into mid- and long-term development plans
- Establishing methodologies, techniques and policy frameworks for sectoral reforms
- Building knowledge and raising awareness about green economy opportunities in the public and private sectors
Marshall plan against poverty adopted
In July 2016, the Government of Mauritius adopted the Marshall Plan Against Poverty. Developed in 2015 with PAGE support, the Plan provides a blueprint for achieving growth that is cross-sectoral, inclusive and sustainable. The Marshall Plan is already part of the Vision 2030 document as one of the action plans for implementation.
The Marshall Plan was launched at the 2016-2017 budget speech, confirming green economy as a key pathway for development in Mauritius and financially committing to inclusive and sustainable empowerment programmes.
Sustainable Development Goals in focus
The goals of the Marshall Plan and the broader green economy agenda in Mauritius are aligned with the three Sustainable Development Goals.
Targeting sectoral and thematic opportunities
1. Identifying entry points for improved waste management
PAGE is working with the Government of Mauritius to establish recycling and circular economy activities within and between industrial firms.
In 2016, an industrial waste training workshop involving 25 private sector enterprises was held to present the results of PAGE’s Industrial Waste Assessment and to lay the framework for a industrial symbiosis in Mauritius.
2. Building knowledge and capacity
PAGE is working with the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Consumer Protection, Business Mauritius, the private sector and local partners to enhance capacity for effective waste management in key sectors, including textile, chemical, recycling, agro-industry, seafood and printing.
3. Informing public expenditure planning
PAGE, in consultation with the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, has completed a Public Environment and Expenditure Review establishing a baseline to determine more efficient planning processes, and to inform environmental policy and relevant legislation. The review examines how environmental expenditures are being integrated into national and sectoral budgetary processes.
The government of Mauritius is preparing the Vision 2030 Blueprint, a comprehensive and coordinated National Economic Development Strategy to achieve a high-income, sustainable and inclusive economy by 2030. The Blueprint is intended to provide an integrated, holistic and coordinated direction towards realizing the national development goals and will include five-year Implementation Plans as well as Action Plans by all ministries until 2030.
The Vision 2030 is a holistic roadmap with a fifteen-year horizon, and the government aims to support it through sectoral and thematic policies and plans. Support to the Vision 2030 continued in 2016 where PAGE has been assisting the Strategic Policy and Planning Department of the Prime Minister's Office in drafting the Vision 2030 document.
Also, and with the support of the UNDP country office, PAGE has provided the services of a technical consultant to review the draft document especially around the proposed policies related to green economy as well as the sustainability aspects, such as development of inclusive green businesses and sustainable consumption and production practices.
Once the document is launched for wider consultations and inputs, PAGE will be involved in the development of action plans in specific areas for its implementation. In 2017, PAGE is continuing to support the Vision 2030 process. A mapping exercise for SDGs is ongoing by the government of Mauritius, which will provide avenues for PAGE support in achieving the national targets related to the SDGs.
How does PAGE's work in Mauritius meet its objectives?
PAGE has supported the development and implementation of cross-sectoral national plans and strategies that integrate IGE goals and targets. PAGE support was centred around stakeholder engagement for sustainability of these efforts and building partnerships for effective implementation of these plans and strategies.
Specifically in Mauritius, the government has been preparing a Vision 2030 Blueprint, a comprehensive and coordinated National Economic Development Strategy to achieve a high-income, sustainable and inclusive economy by 2030. The Blueprint is intended to provide an integrated, holistic and coordinated direction towards realizing the national development goals and will include five-year Implementation Plans as well as Action Plans by all ministries until 2030.
Also PAGE has provided substantial and financial support for preparation and drafting of the Marshall Plan Against Poverty in 2015. The Marshall Plan is already part of the Vision 2030 document as one of the action plans for implementation.
To support sectoral and thematic reforms, PAGE supported Mauritius on the execution of a public environment expenditure review (PEER), an industrial waste assessment (IWA) and a fiscal policy study (with earlier support from a UN Environment project).
The PEER evaluated how environmental expenditures are integrated into the national medium term expenditure framework and sector budgetary process. It makes recommendations towards a more efficient approach to planning and budgetary processes, a sustainable environmental policy framework and related legislation necessary for the transition to a green economy.
The aim of the IWA is to stimulate industrial symbiosis through the establishment of recycling activities and a circular economy.
The fiscal study identifies options to reform fiscal policies in the energy, transport, waste and water sectors to revise fiscal instruments to better reflect environmental impacts, induce behaviour change and create additional fiscal space for green investments.
As part of PAGE support for Industrial Waste Assessment, a training workshop on industrial waste characterization was organized in partnership with the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Consumer Protection.
The workshop provided an overview of environmental legislation in Mauritius; opportunities for industrial symbiosis (waste generated by one enterprise sold to another enterprise); waste process flow and its analysis in waste management; assessment of data on waste generated by industrial sectors; and recycling and energy recovery practices in Mauritius. It was followed by one-day on-site training at each of the 25 enterprises on industrial waste characterization.
Collaboration with other initiatives: PAGE is partnering with SWITCH Africa Green project (SAG) in Mauritius. SAG funds six country projects and three multi-country projects that prioritize sectors identified in the Mauritius Green Economy Assessment: agriculture, energy, tourism, waste, and green skills development for employment in a green economy.
PAGE is supporting countries to improve their Inclusive Green Economy knowledge base by generating and sharing knowledge products such as manuals, reports, lessons learned and best practices with the aim to inform and support national policy analysis and formulation.
For knowledge sharing, PAGE organizes high level events, conferences, workshops involving current and future PAGE countries to build networks and global platforms to exchange experiences and information.